Ghulam Haider Wyne (born 1940-September 29, 1993) was a renowned Pakistani politician. Since independence in 1947 his family moved from India to Pakistan. He was the Leader of the Opposition (Pakistan) and former Chief Minister of the most populous province of Pakistan, Punjab.
Between 1990 to 1993, he held the office of Chief Minister, when President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the Constituent Assembly and suspended his government between Punjab in 1993 along with the governments of Nawaz Sharif in Pakistan.
Ghulam Haider Wyne’s record was clean and without the mark. He had risen in the National Assembly from an ordinary political worker to the opposition leader, and later to the chief minister.
He regretted that the country had not adopted Quaid-i-Azam’s ideals and that the targets for which it had set Pakistan could not be achieved. He was a down-to-earth leader who had devoted his life to the nation’s welfare.
In a dilapidated house in Mian Channu’s ghettos, he lived a plain and noble life. Unlike other leaders he’d never plundered national wealth. Once he presented a few copies of the daily Nawa-i-Waqt that had been kept in an old iron box and said that he had brought these copies from Amritsar when migrating to Pakistan. He visited England to raise school donations but never established his own home and his wife now lives in the home of her friend.
Ghulam Haider Wyne was the founder and very first president of the Nazaria-i-Pakistan Trust (NPT) founded in July 1992. He has provided the Nazaria-i-Pakistan Support near Johar Town Lahore with over 40 Kanal land. He founded over 18 educational institutions in Mian Channu, a small town that could be given a university status. This is why he remains known as Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
Ghulam Haider Wyne was one such hero who was brutally martyred during the 1993 general election campaign by terrorists at Mianchannu (a small town on Lahore-Multan National Highway). This first episode of Martyrs of Democracy is dedicated to Late Ghulam Haider Wyne, former CM Punjab.
Ghulam Haider Wyen has always been a very challenging man to hold back. He was among the leaders most down to earth who never capitulated to even the most unfavorable circumstances.
He served Pakistan Muslim League as a die-hard karkun throughout his political life and his peculiar attitude toward the fellow workers remained the same even after he was elected as the CM Punjab. He was brutally assassinated near Mian Channu while doing the rounds of his 1993 election campaign.
Malik Ghulam Mustafa Khar; born on 2 August 1937 in Kot Addu, (Muzaffargarh) is a Pakistani politician from the province of Punjab.
Khar was born on 2 August 1937 in the Khar clan at Kot Addu, Muzaffargarh County, Punjab Province. His boss, Mohammad Yar Khar, had been one of the district’s biggest landowners. Khar received his education from Aitchison College, Lahore.
Ghulam Mustafa Khar, age 24, secured his first election to the National Assembly in 1962. He served in Water and Power Minister, chief minister, and governor posts.
As a close personal friend and political ally Khar joined Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1967 as one of the founding members of the Pakistan Peoples Party. After the fall of Yahya Khan’s military regime, he was elected Governor and Martial Law Administrator of Punjab, the country’s most electorally powerful state, by the freshly sworn-in President Bhutto.
When the 1973 legislation was approved in August and Bhutto became Pakistan’s prime minister, Khar was assigned the position of Punjab province’s chief minister. Khar was replaced by the more left-leaning and intellectual Hanif Ramay, due to protests from within the PPP.
In March 1975, Khar has temporarily reappointed Chancellor, before being eventually dismissed in July 1975. Bhutto’s concerns about Khar’s aspirations as well as Punjab’s deep tensions within the PPP contributed to his reluctance to invite Khar to run for Ramay’s Lahore seat. Khar’s efforts to campaign as an opposition party for the seat resulted in defeat. In 1976 former PPP enemies Khar and Ramay worked together inside the Pakistan Muslim League (F) of the Pir of Pajaro. He joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) in April 2017 and is considered on the PTI’s left-wing.
Khar married eight times. One of Khar’s marriages was with Tehmina Durrani. A women’s rights activist and author from Pakistan. Her first novel, My Feudal Lord, released in June 1991 by Vanguard Books of Lahore, created an uproar within the culture of Pakistan by portraying her violent and painful marriage to Ghulam Mustafa Khar.
His daughter Aaminah Haq is a Pakistani model and a noted actress as a Lux model and for her appearance in the Mehndi television drama.
Hina Rabbani Khar is the daughter of his uncle Ghulam Noor Rabbani, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs.
His uncle, Bilal Mustafa Khar has been accused of pouring acid on her face by his former wife Fakhra Younus. His son was later cleared of the charges. Four witnesses have testified to see his son entering. The home of Fakhra on the day of the attack, complaining of getting death threats. They later withdrew their comments because of significant threats. The judge dropped the indictments in December 2003.
Muhammad Hanif Ramay (1930–2006) was an internationally acclaimed scholar, writer, journalist, and former Punjab governor and chief minister, and one of the founding fathers of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP). He was also Punjab Assembly Speaker from October 1993 through November 1996.
Early Life and Education
Hanif Ramay was born in the Arain Community in Shimla, in 1930. Having earned B.A. Honors from Government College Lahore (the most prestigious educational institution in Lahore), later he obtained his Masters of Economics and Philosophy from the University of Punjab. From his college years in Lahore, Ramay had an interest in politics; he held numerous leadership roles within Lahore’s central political scene.
In 1970 Hanif Ramay was elected provincial assembly president on a PPP ticket. He was the Finance Minister of Punjab from 1972–73, Governor of Punjab from February 1973 to March 1974, and from March 15, 1974, to July 15, 1975, was appointed Chief Minister of Punjab. He later formed differences with Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and was forced to resign as a result of a false investigation and later imprisoned. He founded left-wing newspaper Masawaat within the same time period.
Exile to America
Hanif left for the USA in the late 1970s in a self-imposed exile to avoid arrest by the military regime. Between 1980 to 1983, Hanif Ramay was affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley, Northern California. He married an American woman in 1992 after the death of his first partner, then Joyce Murad, his close friend’s mother, and lived with her in Fort Myers, Florida (USA). Hanif was the author of many best-selling Urdu and English books in Pakistan and abroad, named Punjab ka Muqadma (Punjab’s Trial), the most popular novel he ever read. Hanif was the author of many best-selling Urdu and English books in Pakistan and abroad, named Punjab ka Muqadma (Punjab’s Trial), the most popular novel he ever read.
Back to Politics
After choosing to re-enter politics in Pakistan in the early 1990s, he contested on the PPP ticket at the Lahore general election and was thus chosen as the Speaker of the Punjab Assembly in 1993 after winning, and remaining in that role until 1996. Death Ramay died in Lahore on 1 January 2006 after a protracted illness that resulted from an accidental fall he had taken in his home.
Sir Malik Feroz Khan Noon (7 May 1893–9 December 1970), KCSI, KCIE, OStJ, better known as Feroze Khan, was the seventh Prime Minister of Pakistan, appointed to that office on 16 December 1957 until the dismissal of President Iskandar Ali Mirza on 8 October 1958, when he instituted martial law.
Trained as a barrister in London, Feroze Khan worked as an Indian diplomat in the United Kingdom before working as a diplomatic adviser to Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s Foreign Office war minister on matters related to the British Indian Army.
Feroz Khan was one of Pakistan’s founding fathers who helped negotiate and create a nation-state union resulting in a popular constitutional movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah on 14 August 1947.
Language Early Childhood
Feroz Khan Noon was born on 7 May 1893 in the village of Hamoka, in the district of Khushab, Punjab in the then British India. He came from an aristocratic and landowning elite family renowned for their riches and who had a reputation in social circles.
Feroz khan Noon attended Aitchison College in Lahore after his initial education, before being sent to England in 1912. The India Office arranged for him to live with Reverend Lloyd’s family in Ticknall, South Derbyshire. He applied from there to study at Oxford University, being originally rejected by Balliol College and instead admitted by Wadham College. Noon lived with Lloyd’s family until 1913 and maintained a romantic friendship with them until Oxford.
Noon studied History and Farsi at Wadham College and graduated with a BA in History in 1916. He was a keen player of football and played field hockey for Isis Club.
During his college years, Midday went to the United States in search of higher education at universities there but returned to Oxford. He interacted with very few Indian students while at university, heeding the advice of his father to study English culture and lacking time to attend any Indian cultural festivals since he focused on his studies.
Noon traveled to London in 1916 to take the test on the constitution. He graduated from the Inner Temple in 1917 as a Barrister-at-Law, before returning to India.
Career in Politics
Khan began studying law at the District Court in Sargodha after returning to India in September 1917 and later moved to the Lahore High Court, gaining his name in civil law until 1927.
Feroz Khan decided to join national politics in 1920–21, and was elected to the Unionist Party board for the Punjab Legislative Assembly. During this time, he developed a close friendship with Jogendra Singh. From 1927 to 1931, he entered the cabinet of Punjab Governor Malcolm Hailey and held the portfolio of local government provincial ministry until 1930.
Feroz Khan was in the cabinets of Governors Geoffrey Fitzhervey de Montmorency, Sikandar Hyat and Herbert William Emerson between 1931 and 1936, where he held provincial portfolios of Ministries of Health and Education.Khan was made an Officer of the Holy Order of Saint John in December 1932. In 1933, Feroze Khan was named Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE) in the 1937 Coronation Honors Roll, and in October 1941 he was named Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (KCIS).
Diplomatic career: Second World War and Movements in Pakistan
In 1936, when he was appointed High Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom, Khan resigned from his public service at Punjab.
In the United States, the British government directed Khan to Washington D.C. on the question of the Immigration Act of 1924. Where Nevile Butler from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office accompanied him in 1941 to discuss the question of American exploration in Baluchistan and the position of the MFN between the United States and the United Kingdom in the light of the Anglo-American trade agreement concluded in 1938.
Khan showed great reluctance to allow American petroleum companies access to Baluchistan because of the difficulties of the Indian government in retaining control over remote areas adjacent to Iran and Afghanistan, especially when Indians were barred from entering the United States.
Feroz Khan, who had pro-British views, backed British actions against the Axis forces at the outbreak of World War II in 1939, advocating for the intervention of the British Indian Army in Africa and the Middle East. In 1940, he actively endorsed Egyptian attempts to build a grand mosque in London.Khan played a key role at the height of the anti-British agitation in India by convincing Premier Winston Churchill of Indian Muslim support for continued British influence there.
In 1941, when Khan was asked to enter the Churchill cabinet, he resigned his diplomatic post, being first appointed as his military advisor to the Indian Army affairs office’s Secretary of State for India.
Khan subsequently entered the cabinet of the Viceroy Executive Council as a labor minister and played a crucial role in counseling against India’s independence, without answering the move of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and other leaders on the Muslim issue.
Churchill assigned Khan to the Department of War in 1944–45, leading his own section alongside A. R. Mudaliar who gave British India membership in the Pacific War Council. He was appointed to the United Nations as Permanent Representative of India in 1945, attending the First Session in San Francisco, California.
Khan joined the Muslim League in 1946, headed by Jinnah. He integrated his division of the Unionist Party into the Muslim League, securing popular sympathy for Pakistan’s cause in the face of Khizar Hayat Tiwana’s opposition, who wanted to remain the Indian Punjab’s Premier.
Khan’s merger of the Unionist Party into the Muslim League was a deciding factor during the general elections of 1945. The Muslim League won Punjab by a landslide.
In 1947, after the creation of Pakistan as a result of the Indian partition, Feroze Khan maintained his constituency and became the MNA of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan.
On October 1947, the Governor-General of Pakistan, Jinnah, named him as a special envoy and sent him to Saudi Arabia and the Islamic world to introduce Pakistan and clarify the reasons for its formation, to familiarize the Muslim countries with their internal problems and to obtain the moral and financial support from the brother countries. Feroz Khan carried out the task he was given in a good manner.
Governor-General of East Bengal
In 1950 he was dismissed from the Foreign Ministry by Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan, who appointed him Governor of East Bengal. However, he was less involved in East Bengal politics and concentrated on Punjab’s provincial politics in Pakistan, contesting Punjab’s Chief Ministership role with Mumtaz Daultana. He had no experience in improving the Muslim League’s political program in Bengal and gave no political intervention at the time of the common language revolution in 1950–51. Returning to Punjab in Pakistan on 25 July 1952, he left the post for Abdur Rahman Siddiqui before returning to the post on 10 November 1952. Feroz Khan left Dhaka on 26 March 1953, to become Punjab’s chief minister.
After the religious uprisings in Lahore that culminated in Daultana’s resignation, Khan eventually achieved his goal by persuading Prime Minister Khawaja Nazimuddin to name him third Punjab’s chief minister.
Ministry of International Affairs
In 1955, Khan left the Muslim League when he helped form the Republican Party, joining the One Union that formed Pakistan’s west and east divisions. He took over the Republican Party’s party presidency and joined the Awami League, Muslim League, and Republican Party’s three-party government alliance that backed Iskander Mirza for the presidency.
Ideologically he was very similar to Mirza and was assigned to Prime Minister Hussain Suhrawardy’s coalition cabinet. Khan attempted to hold talks with India over the Kashmir question and insurgency in Eastern India in 1956–57 but was unable to achieve any breakthrough.
Prime Minister Of Pakistan(1957-58)
After the resignations of the H.S. Suhrawardy of Awami League and the I. I. Chundrigar of the Muslim League, Khan was the last contender from the government of the three-party alliance and started his support for the premiership on the platform of the Republican-Conservative Faction.
Feroz Khan took an oath from Chief Justice Munir on 16 December 1957 and formed a coalition government. At this period, Khan entered into difficult but fruitful talks with Muscat and Oman for Gwadar’s accession at a price of US$ 3 million (current worth US$ 25,503,380.28), which was annexed to the Pakistan Federation on 8 September 1958.
Khan’s ability to annex the Gwadar to the union and address the country’s political problems usually confronted President Mirza who saw him as an obstacle in his way of achieving absolute control. Khan sought to find a consensus with India on the Kashmir issue.
Feroz Khan had not supported Mirza’s re-election when the three-party alliance arranged its own president to replace Mirza in 1958. At midnight on 7/8 October 1958, Mirza declared martial law on the government of his own party and ultimately removed his own designated prime minister to usurp political authority in his own hands.
Malik Feroz Khan withdrew from national politics after 1958 and became a literary journalist. He has written five books on India’s history and on legal and political problems in Pakistan.
·Wisdom From Fools (1940), short stories for children.
·Scented Dust (1941), a novel.
·From Memory (1966)
Malik Feroz Khan Noon was married to an Austrian named Victoria Rikhy Noon who was also a famous politician and social activist. He died in his ancestral village of Nurpur Noon, Sargodha District, on 7 December 1970, where he is buried.
Malik Meraj Khalid (September 20, 1915–June 13, 2003) was a left-wing Pakistani statesman and Socialist thinker who served as Pakistan’s Prime Minister from November 1996 to February 1997 in an active capacity.
He was noted as one of the original thinkers and founding member of the People’s Party of Pakistan. Raised in 1916 to a poor farming family in Punjab, British India. He graduated from Punjab University Law College Lahore and graduated in Law in 1942. To begin his legal practice with the founding of his own law firm in 1948.
His original public service work, influenced by the socialist literature written in the Soviet Union, was aimed at encouraging literacy in his native village. He helped found the PPP in 1967, and climbed to fill the most important public offices.
Responsible for governing and retaining control of the Province of Punjab after the 1971 war with India. Meraj was succeeded law minister in 1974, and the National Assembly Speaker in two non-consecutive terms.
Malik Meraj Khalid, a self-made king, was a dynamic human being. He had played a role in the Struggle for Pakistan. He set up a committee to spread the Punjabi language. After the formation of Pakistan and he was always proud of his initiative.
His strong and systematic Hard Left thoughts, however, contributed to the creation of political disagreements in the 1990s. With Benazir Bhutto and was sacked in 1996 by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto after leveling the charges against Asif Zardari for the murder of Murtaza Bhutto.
Disheartened by the decision of Benazir, Meraj tried to rally the anti-Benazir Bhutto movements to Nawaz Sharif. The landslide victory of the conservative in the 1997 parliamentary elections. But Prime Minister Meraj managed against live his easy life and his home in Lahore remained as open as ever.
Malik Meraj Khalid Early life and career
Malik Meraj Khalid was born in a small village in Dera Chahal near (Burki) Town. Lahore, to a family of small farmers. His early childhood saw family struggle and survival in the context of feudalism. In which his father grew crops for a local feudal lord who paid less than the minimum wage established by the British Indian Empire.
Khalid Meraj did not leave school, and Khalid finished his high school. Despite the difficulty and later went on to work for a feudal lord who decided to finance his schooling.
He was educated at Islamia College, Lahore and received an LLB from Punjab University Law School, Lahore. In 1944, followed by an Associate Degree in Public Works. He started studying law in 1948.
Malik Meraj Khalid was a hero of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Pakistan’s flamboyant prime minister during the 1970s, renowned for his gentleness and integrity. It was he who played a significant role in Meraj Khalid’s political life. By first appointing him as his Food and Agriculture and Under-Developed Areas Minister in December 1971.
Malik Meraj was later appointed Head of Legislative Affairs of the Party in November 1972. And Minister of Social Services, Local Government, and Rural Development in 1975.
Leader and National Assembly spokesman
He was elected member of the PPP’s Central Committee after the execution of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in April 1979. But ultimately resigned from this position in January 1988.
Since returning to the National Assembly once more comfortably in 1988. He was again named in 1988 as Speaker of the National Assembly. He lost the following elections in 1990. However, and remained aloof from politics for some time. He continued to serve as the Rector of the International Islamic University in Islamabad throughout this time of solitude.
Caretaker Prime Minister
In November 1996, President Farooq Leghari ousted the government of Benazir Bhutto. For incompetence and politically orchestrated killings. Using the authority given him by the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan. Until new elections, Malik Meraj Khalid was asked to officiate the provisional administration.
Malik Meraj Khalid, one of the country’s top political personalities and former caretaker prime minister. He died after a week’s hospitalization for chest inflammation and high fever in 2003.
In this lecture, we are going to learn how to create a management system in PHP and MySqli.
In this lecture #1, I am going to show the demo of the complete Content Management System.
We are also going to learn how to Create an admin profile, User profile, admin handle all the data and also learn how to give access to another user. also learn how to create a User Profile. and much more.
Mian Mumtaz Daulatana (born February 20, 1916–January 30, 1995) was a Punjabi politician who backed the British India Pakistan Movement. And was the second West Punjab Chief Minister in Pakistan.
In 1942, Daultana joined the Muslim League of Punjab, despite being from a leading Unionist party. He participated in the writing of the League’s platform in 1944. Pledging individual rights, removing government political intervention and a radical economic agenda.
Mian Mumtaz was elected to the 1946 Punjab Legislative Assembly. Daultana was of the view that India’s independence could not be maintained and that Punjab Muslims in demand for Pakistan should join with their co-religionists in India.
After Pakistan was established, the Muslim League took control of the new province of West Punjab. Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot named Daultana to his cabinet alongside other scions from leading rural families.
Mian Iftikharuddin and Shaukat Hayat Khan as chief minister of West Punjab. The cabinet was afflicted by disagreements, and Mian Iftikharuddin left to found the Azad Pakistan Party and soon joined Shaukat Hayat Khan.
Election of 1951
Following elections in West Punjab in 1951, Daultana was chosen in the Punjab Assembly as a Muslim League parliamentary leader and invited to form a cabinet. The cabinet of Daultana, including only one refugee official, was described as a landlord’s government.
He soon outlawed the Urdu daily newspaper Nawa-i-Waqt, which had been Mamdot’s supporter and initiated agrarian reforms in Punjab as chief minister. Daultana considered these land reforms, which technically provided tenants maximum tenancy rights as long as they paid their rent and cared for the land as the most progressive in the world.
However, opponents branded them as purely utilitarian, as they made no reference to a cap for large estates and instead sought to raise ten percent of the tenants ‘ share of the product.
In fact, the regulations had little impact and then the landlords tried to deflect attention to the jagirs held by rival politicians who had supported the revolution in Pakistan.The removal of all jagirs made in Punjab since 1857 was suggested by his Administration.
This plan met with substantial resistance and was revised to exclude those prominent persons who were given grants in pre-days for unpatriotic and anti-practices. Land grants were restricted to religious organizations or military forces.
Grants of land were limited to religious organizations or military forces. The scope of the Act was further reduced to cover only grants made under the government of Unionist Prime Minister Sir Khizar Hayat Tiwana from 1945-1947.
History of martial law in Lahore 1953
Under his rule, Islamic parties such as Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam and Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat escalated anti-Ahmadi sentiment. In 1951, they released demands that Ahmadis be proclaimed non-Muslims for legal reasons. That Sir Zafarullah Khan resigns the Ahmadi Foreign Minister and that Ahmadi’s be barred from holding a political office.
Throughout the 1953 protests in Lahore following requests by the central government to condemn the demonstrators, Daultana lent them his support. The central government, however, called in the army when he was unable to handle the rioters, and declared martial law in Lahore.
Daultana had resigned within days of Prime Minister, Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin’s arrival in Lahore. Sir Feroz Khan Noon succeeds him.
Mian Mumtaz was also Pakistan’s defense minister in 1957, in Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar’s short-lived administration. Between 1972 to 1979 he served as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.
His niece is Tehmina Daultana former Minister and Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N) MNA (Pakistan National Assembly member).
Nawab Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot (31 December 1906-16 October 1969) was a Pakistani Punjab politician and a key member of the British India Pakistan Movement.
Mamdot was born in 1906, at Lahore. He was Shahnawaz Khan’s uncle and a member of Mamdot’s ruling dynasty. He was educated at Government College, Lahore and subsequently entered Hyderabad State Police Service in the Deccan.
He succeeded him as the Nawab of Mamdot on his father’s death in 1942 and on inheriting his estate became Punjab’s largest landowner. He also succeeded his father in politics as President of the Punjab Muslim League between 1942 and 1944. He has worked vigorously to persuade Punjab’s rich landowners to withdraw their support for the Unionist Party and join the Pakistan Movement.
He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Punjab in 1946 and became an opposition member. Earlier that year, he was the only member of the Punjab Muslim League to endorse Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s call for the voluntary exchange of communities within Punjab. He migrated to Pakistan during the Partition of India in 1947, leaving his large landholdings in eastern Punjab which became a part of the Republic of India.
Chief Minister of West Punjab
Iftikhar Hussain was named the first chief minister of West Punjab in Pakistan on 15 August 1947. Having lost his constituents in the district of Ferozepur and vast lands in East Punjab, Mamdot tried to restore his power base in Pakistan. He formed the Allotment Revising Committee without official approval to foster new followers among refugees, and allegedly siphoned off his followers and former tenants properties and vehicles.
He was the rising land claimant amongst the refugees. He supported Mian Iftikharuddin, his minister for refugee resettlement. Whose reformist policies promoted the permanent settlement of refugees on evacuee property and surplus land belonging to larger landlords.
Along with his refusal to collaborate with the federally appointed Pakistan and the West Punjab Refugee and Resettlement Board, his stance contributed to Mian Iftikharuddin’s resignation and provided Mamdot with a free hand to distribute evacuee property as he wished.
Mamdot’s government was tainted by Factionalism. He disagreed with Mumtaz Daultana and Sir Francis Mudie aside from arguing with Iftikharuddin and Ghazanfar Ali Khan, the head of the Refugee and Rehabilitation Council. He called Mudie, West Punjab’s first governor, a “foreigner,” “pro-unionist” and “pro-Indian,” and Mudie, in exchange, blamed him on the grounds that he was already in power to get his hands on more on wealth.
Faced Extensive misconduct charges
Mamdot’s ministry faced extensive misconduct charges and was branded “incredibly dishonest” by one British official. Iftikhar Hussain khan was reported to have used public funds to directly purchase over 2,000 acres of prime agricultural land at negligible rates in Montgomery District, to grant several hundred acres of land in the same district belonging to Sir Khizar Hayat Tiwana to his nephew, and to secretly deposit over 100,000 rupees from the Kashmir Fund.
Rival lawmakers argued that by arbitrarily relocating their followers around the province, he weakened their powerbases. A spokesperson for the Rajput refugee group blamed Mamdot for not bringing refugees together in keeping with the districts from which they came and observed that one village had refugees from 13/14 separate districts in East Punjab, resulting in regular bases clashes.
Resignation From Ministry
Mamdot resigned as chief minister in 1949 and an official investigation was conducted against him in relation to maladministration. As no one was willing to establish a new cabinet, the governor of West Punjab took over the province directly.
Iftikhar mamdot left the Muslim League in 1950 to form a new faction, the Jinnah Muslim League, which contested against the Muslim League elections of 1951 headed by his arch-rival Mumtaz Daultana.
During the poll, one result of the allegations against Mamdot emerged as refugee members represented just 5 percent of the Punjab Assembly, with refugees making up around one-third of the total Punjabi population.
He joined the Muslim League in 1953 and was appointed Governor of Sind by Sir Ghulam Muhammad in 1954. After Sir Ghulam’s departure from the political scene, he resigned from his post in 1955 and consequently remained in the political wilderness. Iftikhar Hussain Mamdot died on 16 October 1969 (aged 62) Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Abdul Rab Nishtar was born in a religious household in Peshawar, British India, on June 13, 1899. His uncle, Maulvi Abdul Hannan, was a prominent figure in the Pashtun Kakar tribe who strongly opposed the British raj in India.
Nishtar’s ancestors came from northern Balochistan’s Zhob district but later settled in Peshawar, British India. He completed his early education at a Christian mission school and later at Bombay’s Sanathan Dharam High School (now ‘ Mumbai ‘ in India).
He eventually graduated from Peshawar’s Edwardes College. Later graduated from Punjab University, Lahore, in 1923, with a Bachelor of Arts. He later went to Aligarh and was awarded an honorary LL.B degree from Aligarh Muslim University in 1925.
He also had a deep interest in Islamic mysticism, a man of deep religious beliefs. The fact that probably reflects the influence of his parents as well as his associate Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar. Around 1919 and 1920, both engaged actively in the Khilafat Movement.
Later, from 1927 to 1931, Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar continued a member of the Indian National Congress. Sardar Nishtar was designated Municipal Commissioner, Peshawar Municipal Committee successively joined the All-India Muslim League from 1929 to 1938, became a confidant of the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
All India Muslim League Membership
The Time Period 1932 to 1936, Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar was a member of the All India Muslim League (AIML) Council. A member of the NWFP (Northwest Frontier Province) Legislative Assembly between 1937 – 1945. A member of the AIML Working Committee from 1944 to 1945.
Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar was ejected from provincial politics by the political operations of rival political leader Abdul Qayyum Khan in 1946. Abdul Qayyum Khan was an outcast of the Indian National Congress Party, who then vigorously opposed that political party after its ouster from it, in particular against the Union of India, and sought to create an independent Dominion of India.
As Federal Minister
Nishtar was appointed Minister of Communication in Pakistan after Pakistan was established and served in that position from 1947 to 1949. He initiated the use of the Urdu language in Pakistan’s railways and Pakistan Post Office.
Following the dismissal of the geographical region Provincial Government in 1949. Sardar Nishtar was appointed Governor of the geographical region
(The 1st Pakistani governor in Pakistan’s history till that point a people Government had continued to govern with the previous British governors).
Governor of the geographical region
He ran the governorship effectively for two years, paving the way for an elected government to be restored in 1951.
The nomination of Prime Minister Nishtar was considered a serious candidate for the post of Prime Minister following the assassination of Liaqat Ali Khan. Due to Nishtar’s conservative and Islamic views. His nomination was opposed by senior secularists and moderate officials including the future president Iskander Mirza.
Leader of Muslim League
He subsequently took over the leadership of the Muslim League party and in the planned elections in 1959. The League was expected to do well in West Pakistan but he died before that. From 1956 to 1958, he served as President of the Pakistan Muslim League
Abdur Rab Nishtar died of a heart attack in Karachi on 14 February 1958. By 1953, he had suffered from heart disease and high blood pressure. His name is given to Nishtar Medical College and Nishtar Hospital in Multan City. He is named after Nishtar Park and Nishtar Road in Karachi. He was buried in Mazar-e-Quaid near the tomb of Pakistan’s founding father, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.