Early life and education
Abdul Rab Nishtar was born in a religious household in Peshawar, British India, on June 13, 1899. His uncle, Maulvi Abdul Hannan, was a prominent figure in the Pashtun Kakar tribe who strongly opposed the British raj in India.
Nishtar’s ancestors came from northern Balochistan’s Zhob district but later settled in Peshawar, British India. He completed his early education at a Christian mission school and later at Bombay’s Sanathan Dharam High School (now ‘ Mumbai ‘ in India).
He eventually graduated from Peshawar’s Edwardes College. Later graduated from Punjab University, Lahore, in 1923, with a Bachelor of Arts. He later went to Aligarh and was awarded an honorary LL.B degree from Aligarh Muslim University in 1925.
He also had a deep interest in Islamic mysticism, a man of deep religious beliefs. The fact that probably reflects the influence of his parents as well as his associate Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar. Around 1919 and 1920, both engaged actively in the Khilafat Movement.
Later, from 1927 to 1931, Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar continued a member of the Indian National Congress. Sardar Nishtar was designated Municipal Commissioner, Peshawar Municipal Committee successively joined the All-India Muslim League from 1929 to 1938, became a confidant of the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
All India Muslim League Membership
The Time Period 1932 to 1936, Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar was a member of the All India Muslim League (AIML) Council. A member of the NWFP (Northwest Frontier Province) Legislative Assembly between 1937 – 1945. A member of the AIML Working Committee from 1944 to 1945.
Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar was ejected from provincial politics by the political operations of rival political leader Abdul Qayyum Khan in 1946. Abdul Qayyum Khan was an outcast of the Indian National Congress Party, who then vigorously opposed that political party after its ouster from it, in particular against the Union of India, and sought to create an independent Dominion of India.
As Federal Minister
Nishtar was appointed Minister of Communication in Pakistan after Pakistan was established and served in that position from 1947 to 1949. He initiated the use of the Urdu language in Pakistan’s railways and Pakistan Post Office.
Following the dismissal of the geographical region Provincial Government in 1949. Sardar Nishtar was appointed Governor of the geographical region
(The 1st Pakistani governor in Pakistan’s history till that point a people Government had continued to govern with the previous British governors).Governor of the geographical region
He ran the governorship effectively for two years, paving the way for an elected government to be restored in 1951.
The nomination of Prime Minister Nishtar was considered a serious candidate for the post of Prime Minister following the assassination of Liaqat Ali Khan. Due to Nishtar’s conservative and Islamic views. His nomination was opposed by senior secularists and moderate officials including the future president Iskander Mirza.
Leader of Muslim League
He subsequently took over the leadership of the Muslim League party and in the planned elections in 1959. The League was expected to do well in West Pakistan but he died before that. From 1956 to 1958, he served as President of the Pakistan Muslim League
Abdur Rab Nishtar died of a heart attack in Karachi on 14 February 1958. By 1953, he had suffered from heart disease and high blood pressure. His name is given to Nishtar Medical College and Nishtar Hospital in Multan City. He is named after Nishtar Park and Nishtar Road in Karachi. He was buried in Mazar-e-Quaid near the tomb of Pakistan’s founding father, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.