Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot
Nawab Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot (31 December 1906-16 October 1969) was a Pakistani Punjab politician and a key member of the British India Pakistan Movement.
Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot Early life
Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot was born in 1906, at Lahore. He was Shahnawaz Khan’s uncle and a member of Mamdot’s ruling dynasty. He was educated at Government College, Lahore, and subsequently entered Hyderabad State Police Service in the Deccan.
He succeeded him as the Nawab of Mamdot on his father’s death in 1942 and on inheriting his estate became Punjab’s largest landowner. He also succeeded his father in politics as President of the Punjab Muslim League between 1942 and 1944. He has worked vigorously to persuade Punjab’s rich landowners to withdraw their support for the Unionist Party and join the Pakistan Movement.
He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Punjab in 1946 and became an opposition member. Earlier that year, he was the only member of the Punjab Muslim League to endorse Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s call for the voluntary exchange of communities within Punjab. He migrated to Pakistan during the Partition of India in 1947, leaving his large landholdings in eastern Punjab which became a part of the Republic of India.
Chief Minister of West Punjab
Iftikhar Hussain was named the first chief minister of West Punjab in Pakistan on 15 August 1947. Having lost his constituents in the district of Ferozepur and vast lands in East Punjab, Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot tried to restore his power base in Pakistan. He formed the Allotment Revising Committee without official approval to foster new followers among refugees, and allegedly siphoned off his followers and former tenants properties and vehicles.
Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot was the rising land claimant amongst the refugees. He supported Mian Iftikharuddin, his minister for refugee resettlement. Whose reformist policies promoted the permanent settlement of refugees on evacuee property and surplus land belonging to larger landlords.
Along with his refusal to collaborate with the federally appointed Pakistan and the West Punjab Refugee and Resettlement Board. His stance contributed to Mian Iftikharuddin’s resignation and provided Mamdot with a free hand to distribute evacuee property as he wished.
Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot’s government was tainted by Factionalism. He disagreed with Mumtaz Daultana and Sir Francis Mudie aside from arguing with Iftikharuddin and Ghazanfar Ali Khan. The head of the Refugee and Rehabilitation Council. He called Mudie, West Punjab’s first governor, a “foreigner”, “pro-unionist” and “pro-Indian,” and Mudie, in exchange, blamed him on the grounds that he was already in power to get his hands on more on wealth.
Faced Extensive misconduct charges
Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot’s ministry faced extensive misconduct charges and was branded “incredibly dishonest” by one British official. Iftikhar Hussain khan was reported to have used public funds to directly purchase over 2,000 acres of prime agricultural land at negligible rates in Montgomery District, to grant several hundred acres of land in the same district belonging to Sir Khizar Hayat Tiwana to his nephew, and to secretly deposit over 100,000 rupees from the Kashmir Fund.
Rival lawmakers argued that by arbitrarily relocating their followers around the province, he weakened their powerbases. A spokesperson for the Rajput refugee group blamed Mamdot for not bringing refugees together in keeping with the districts from which they came and observed that one village had refugees from 13/14 separate districts in East Punjab, resulting in regular bases clashes.
Resignation From Ministry
Mamdot resigned as chief minister in 1949 and an official investigation was conducted against him in relation to maladministration. As no one was willing to establish a new cabinet, the governor of West Punjab took over the province directly.
Iftikhar Mamdot left the Muslim League in 1950 to form a new faction, the Jinnah Muslim League. which contested against the Muslim League elections of 1951 headed by his arch-rival Mumtaz Daultana.
During the poll, one result of the allegations against Mamdot emerged as refugee members represented just 5 percent of the Punjab Assembly, with refugees making up around one-third of the total Punjabi population.
Later Life of Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot
Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot joined the Muslim League in 1953 and was appointed Governor of Sind by Sir Ghulam Muhammad in 1954. After Sir Ghulam’s departure from the political scene. He resigned from his post in 1955 and consequently remained in the political wilderness. Iftikhar Hussain Mamdot died on 16 October 1969 (aged 62) Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.