Mian Mumtaz Khan Daultana
Mian Mumtaz Daulatana (born February 20, 1916–January 30, 1995) was a Punjabi politician who backed the British India Pakistan Movement. And was the second West Punjab Chief Minister in Pakistan.
In 1942, Daultana joined the Muslim League of Punjab, despite being from a leading Unionist party. He participated in the writing of the League’s platform in 1944. Pledging individual rights, removing government political intervention and a radical economic agenda.
Mian Mumtaz was elected to the 1946 Punjab Legislative Assembly. Daultana was of the view that India’s independence could not be maintained and that Punjab Muslims in demand for Pakistan should join with their co-religionists in India.
After Pakistan was established, the Muslim League took control of the new province of West Punjab. Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot named Daultana to his cabinet alongside other scions from leading rural families.
Mian Iftikharuddin and Shaukat Hayat Khan as chief minister of West Punjab. The cabinet was afflicted by disagreements, and Mian Iftikharuddin left to found the Azad Pakistan Party and soon joined Shaukat Hayat Khan.
Election of 1951
Following elections in West Punjab in 1951, Daultana was chosen in the Punjab Assembly as a Muslim League parliamentary leader and invited to form a cabinet. The cabinet of Daultana, including only one refugee official, was described as a landlord’s government.
He soon outlawed the Urdu daily newspaper Nawa-i-Waqt, which had been Mamdot’s supporter and initiated agrarian reforms in Punjab as chief minister. Daultana considered these land reforms, which technically provided tenants maximum tenancy rights as long as they paid their rent and cared for the land as the most progressive in the world.
However, opponents branded them as purely utilitarian, as they made no reference to a cap for large estates and instead sought to raise ten percent of the tenants ‘ share of the product.
In fact, the regulations had little impact and then the landlords tried to deflect attention to the jagirs held by rival politicians who had supported the revolution in Pakistan.The removal of all jagirs made in Punjab since 1857 was suggested by his Administration.
This plan met with substantial resistance and was revised to exclude those prominent persons who were given grants in pre-days for unpatriotic and anti-practices. Land grants were restricted to religious organizations or military forces.
Grants of land were limited to religious organizations or military forces. The scope of the Act was further reduced to cover only grants made under the government of Unionist Prime Minister Sir Khizar Hayat Tiwana from 1945-1947.
History of martial law in Lahore 1953
Under his rule, Islamic parties such as Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam and Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat escalated anti-Ahmadi sentiment. In 1951, they released demands that Ahmadis be proclaimed non-Muslims for legal reasons. That Sir Zafarullah Khan resigns the Ahmadi Foreign Minister and that Ahmadi’s be barred from holding a political office.
Throughout the 1953 protests in Lahore following requests by the central government to condemn the demonstrators, Daultana lent them his support. The central government, however, called in the army when he was unable to handle the rioters, and declared martial law in Lahore.
Daultana had resigned within days of Prime Minister, Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin’s arrival in Lahore. Sir Feroz Khan Noon succeeds him.
Mian Mumtaz was also Pakistan’s defense minister in 1957, in Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar’s short-lived administration. Between 1972 to 1979 he served as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.
His niece is Tehmina Daultana former Minister and Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N) MNA (Pakistan National Assembly member).