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Nobel Prize in Chemistry – thegkworld

Sr. No.YearNameCountryWork
Sr. No.:
1
Year:
1901
Name:
Jacobus H. Hoff
Country:
Netherlands
Work:
for laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions.
Sr. No.:
2
Year:
1902
Name:
Emil Fischer
Country:
Germany
Work:
for experiments in sugar and purin groups of substances.
Sr. No.:
3
Year:
1903
Name:
Svante A. Arrhenius
Country:
Sweden
Work:
for his electrolytic theory of dissociation.
Sr. No.:
4
Year:
1904
Name:
Sir William Ramsay
Country:
U,K
Work:
for discovery and determination of place on inert gaseous elements in air.
Sr. No.:
5
Year:
1905
Name:
Adolf Von Baeyer
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work on organic dyes and hydromatic combinations
Sr. No.:
6
Year:
1906
Name:
Henri Moissan
Country:
France
Work:
for isolation of fluorine and introduction of electric furnace.
Sr. No.:
7
Year:
1907
Name:
Eduard Buchner
Country:
Germany
Work:
for discovery of cell-less fermentation and investigations in biological chemistry.
Sr. No.:
8
Year:
1908
Name:
Sir Ernest Rutherford
Country:
U.K
Work:
for investigation into disintegration of elements.
Sr. No.:
9
Year:
1909
Name:
Wilhelm Ostwald
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work on catalysis and investigations into chemical equilibrium and reaction rates.
Sr. No.:
10
Year:
1910
Name:
Otto Wallach
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work in the field of alicyclic compounds
Sr. No.:
11
Year:
1911
Name:
Marie Curie
Country:
France
Work:
for discovery of elements radium and polonium.
Sr. No.:
12
Year:
1912
Name:
Victor Grignard
Country:
France
Work:
for reagent discovered by him and Paul Sabatier (France) for methods of hydrogenating organic compounds.
Sr. No.:
13
Year:
1913
Name:
Alfred Werner
Country:
Switzerland
Work:
for linking up atoms with in the molecule.
Sr. No.:
14
Year:
1914
Name:
Theodore W. Richards
Country:
U.S
Work:
for determining atomic weight of many chemical elements.
Sr. No.:
15
Year:
1915
Name:
Richard Willstatter
Country:
Germany
Work:
for research into colouring matters of plants especially chlorophyll.
Sr. No.:
16
Year:
1918
Name:
Fritz Haber
Country:
Germany
Work:
for synthetic production of ammonia.
Sr. No.:
17
Year:
1920
Name:
Walter Nernst
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work in thermochemistry.
Sr. No.:
18
Year:
1921
Name:
Frederick Soody
Country:
U.K
Work:
for investigations into origin and nature of isotopes.
Sr. No.:
19
Year:
1922
Name:
Francis W. Aston
Country:
U.K
Work:
for discovery of isotopes in non radioactive elements and for discovery for the whole number rule.
Sr. No.:
20
Year:
1923
Name:
Fritz Pregl
Country:
Austria
Work:
for method of microanalysis of organic substances discovered by him.
Sr. No.:
21
Year:
1925
Name:
Richard Zsigmondy
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work on the heterogeneous nature of colloid solutions.
Sr. No.:
22
Year:
1926
Name:
Theodar Svedberg
Country:
Sweden
Work:
for work on disperse systems.
Sr. No.:
23
Year:
1927
Name:
Heinrich Wieland
Country:
Germany
Work:
for investigations of bile acids and kindred substances.
Sr. No.:
24
Year:
1928
Name:
Adolf Windaus
Country:
Germany
Work:
for investigations on constitution of sterols and their connection with vitamins.
Sr. No.:
25
Year:
1929
Name:
Sir Arthur Harden & Hans K.A.S. Von Euler-Cheplin
Country:
U.K. & Sweden
Work:
for research of fermentation of sugars.
Sr. No.:
26
Year:
1930
Name:
Hans Fischer
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work on colouring matter of blood and leaves and for his synthesis of hemin.
Sr. No.:
27
Year:
1931
Name:
Karl Bosch and Friendrich Berguius
Country:
Germany
Work:
for invention and development of chemical high pressure methods.
Sr. No.:
28
Year:
1932
Name:
Irving Langmuir
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work in realm of surface chemistry.
Sr. No.:
29
Year:
1934
Name:
Harold C. Urey
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of heavy hydrogen.
Sr. No.:
30
Year:
1935
Name:
Frederic and Irene Joliot-Curie
Country:
France
Work:
for synthesis of new radioactive elements.
Sr. No.:
31
Year:
1936
Name:
Peter J. W. Debye
Country:
Netherlands
Work:
for investigation on dipole moments and diffraction of X-rays and electrons in gases.
Sr. No.:
32
Year:
1937
Name:
Walter N. Haworth
Country:
U. K.
Work:
for research on carbohydrates and Vitamin C.
Sr. No.:
33
Year:
1938
Name:
Richard Kahn
Country:
Germany
Work:
for carotenoid study and Vitamin research (declined)
Sr. No.:
34
Year:
1939
Name:
Adolf Butenandt & Leopold Ruzicka
Country:
Germany & Switzerland
Work:
for work on sexual hormones (declined the prize)
for work with polymthylenes.
Sr. No.:
35
Year:
1943
Name:
George Hevesy De Heves
Country:
Hungary
Work:
for work on use of isotopes as indicators.
Sr. No.:
36
Year:
1944
Name:
Otto Hahn
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work on atomic fission.
Sr. No.:
37
Year:
1945
Name:
Arttui Illmari Virtanen
Country:
Finland
Work:
for research in the field of conservation of fodder.
Sr. No.:
38
Year:
1946
Name:
James B. Sumner & Wendell M. Stanley
Country:
U.S
Work:
for crystallizing enzymes, for preparing enzymes and virus proteins in pure form.
Sr. No.:
39
Year:
1947
Name:
Sir Robert Robinson
Country:
U.K
Work:
for research in plant substances.
Sr. No.:
40
Year:
1948
Name:
Ame Tiselius
Country:
Sweden
Work:
for biochemical discoveries and isolation of mouse paralysis virus.
Sr. No.:
41
Year:
1949
Name:
William Francis Giauque
Country:
U.S
Work:
for research in thermodynamics, especially effects of low temperature.
Sr. No.:
42
Year:
1950
Name:
Otto Diels & Kurt Alder
Country:
Germany
Work:
for discovery of diene synthesis enabling scientists to study structure of organic matter.
Sr. No.:
43
Year:
1951
Name:
Glenn. T. Seaborg & Edwin H. McMillan
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of plutonium.
Sr. No.:
44
Year:
1952
Name:
Archer John Porter Martin & Richard Laurence Millington Synge
Country:
U.K
Work:
for development of partition chromatography.
Sr. No.:
45
Year:
1953
Name:
Hermann Staudinger
Country:
Germany
Work:
for research in giant molecules.
Sr. No.:
46
Year:
1954
Name:
Linus C. Pauling
Country:
U.S
Work:
for study of forces holding together protein and other molecules.
Sr. No.:
47
Year:
1955
Name:
Vincent du Vigneaud
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work on pituitary hormones.
Sr. No.:
48
Year:
1956
Name:
Sir Cyril Hinshelwood & Nikola N. Semenvon
Country:
U.K
U.S.S.R
Work:
for parallel research on chemical reaction kinetics.
Sr. No.:
49
Year:
1957
Name:
Sir Alexander Todd
Country:
U.K
Work:
for research with chemical compounds that are factors in herdity.
Sr. No.:
50
Year:
1958
Name:
Frederick Sanger
Country:
U.K
Work:
for determining molecular structure of insulin.
Sr. No.:
51
Year:
1959
Name:
Jaroslav Heyrovsky
Country:
Czechoslovakia
Work:
for development of polarography and electrochemical method of analysis.
Sr. No.:
52
Year:
1960
Name:
Willard F. Libby
Country:
U.S
Work:
for atomic time clock to measure age of objects by measuring their readioactivity.
Sr. No.:
53
Year:
1963
Name:
Carl Ziegler & Giutil Natta
Country:
Germany
Italy
Work:
for work in unting simple hydrocarbons into large molecule substances.
Sr. No.:
54
Year:
1964
Name:
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodkin
Country:
U.K
Work:
for determining structure of compounds needed in combating pernicious anemia.
Sr. No.:
55
Year:
1965
Name:
Robert B. Woodward
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work in synthesizing complicated organic compounds.
Sr. No.:
56
Year:
1966
Name:
Robert Sanderson Muliken
Country:
U.S
Work:
for research on bond holding atoms together in molecule.
Sr. No.:
57
Year:
1967
Name:
Manfred Eign, Ronald G.W. Norrish and George Porter
Country:
Germany & U.K
Work:
for work in high-speed chemical reactions.
Sr. No.:
58
Year:
1968
Name:
Lars Onsager
Country:
U.S
Work:
for development of system of equations in thermodynamics.
Sr. No.:
59
Year:
1969
Name:
Derek H. R. Barton & Odd Hassle
Country:
U.K
Norway
Work:
for study of organic molecules.
Sr. No.:
60
Year:
1970
Name:
Luis F. Leloir
Country:
Argentina
Work:
for discovery of sugar nucleotides and their role in biosynthesis of carbohydrates.
Sr. No.:
61
Year:
1971
Name:
Gerhard Herzberg
Country:
Canada
Work:
for contributions to knowledge of ectronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals.
Sr. No.:
62
Year:
1972
Name:
Christian Bohehmer Anfinsen, Stanford Moore, William Howard Stein
Country:
U.S
Work:
for pioneering studies in enzymes.
Sr. No.:
63
Year:
1973
Name:
Ernest Otto Fischer & Geoffrey Wilkinson
Country:
W. Germany & U.K
Work:
Sr. No.:
64
Year:
1974
Name:
Paul J. Flory
Country:
U.S
Work:
for developing analytic methods to study properties and molecular structure of long chain molecules.
Sr. No.:
65
Year:
1975
Name:
John W. Conrnforth & Valdimir Prelog
Country:
Australia
Switzerland
Work:
for research on structure of biological molecules such as antibiotics and cholesterol.
Sr. No.:
66
Year:
1976
Name:
William N. Lipscomb Jr.
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work on the structure and bonding mechanisms of borans.
Sr. No.:
67
Year:
1977
Name:
Ilya Prigogine
Country:
Belgium
Work:
for contributions to nonequilibrium thermodynamics particularly the theory of dissipative structures.
Sr. No.:
68
Year:
1978
Name:
Peter Mitchell
Country:
U.K
Work:
for contrbutions to the understanding of biological energy transfer.
Sr. No.:
69
Year:
1979
Name:
Herbert C. Brown
Georg Wittig
Country:
U.S
W. Germany
Work:
for developing group of substances that facilitate very difficult chemical reactions.
Sr. No.:
70
Year:
1980
Name:
Paul Berg & Walter Gilbert
Country:
U.S
Work:
for developing methods to map the structure and function of DNA, the substance that controls the activity of the cell.
Sr. No.:
71
Year:
1981
Name:
Ronald Hoffman & Kenichi Fukui
Country:
U.S & Japan
Work:
for applying quantum mechanics theories to predict the course of chemical reactions.
Sr. No.:
72
Year:
1982
Name:
Aaron Klug
Country:
U.K
Work:
for research in the detailed structures of viruses and components of life.
Sr. No.:
73
Year:
1983
Name:
Henry Taube
Country:
U.S
Work:
for research on how electrons transfer between molecules in chemical reactions.
Sr. No.:
74
Year:
1984
Name:
R. Bruce Merrifield
Country:
U.S
Work:
for research that revolutionized the study on protein.
Sr. No.:
75
Year:
1985
Name:
Herbert A. Hauptman & Jerome Karle
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their outstanding achievements in development of direct for the determination of crystal structures.
Sr. No.:
76
Year:
1986
Name:
Dudley R. Herschback & Yuan T. Lee
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their work on reaction dynamics.
Sr. No.:
77
Year:
1987
Name:
Donald J. Cram & Charles J. Pedersen, Jean-Marie
Country:
U.S, France
Work:
for wide ranging research that has included the creation of artifical molecules that can mimic vital chemical reactions of the processes of life.
Sr. No.:
78
Year:
1988
Name:
Johann Deisenhofer, Rober Huber and Hartmut Michel
Country:
W. Germany
Work:
for unraveling the structure of proteins that play a crucial role in photosynthesis.
Sr. No.:
79
Year:
1989
Name:
Thomas R. Cech and Sidney Altman
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their discovery, independently, that RNA could actively aid chemical reactions in the cells.
Sr. No.:
80
Year:
1990
Name:
James Corey
Country:
U.S
Work:
for developing new ways to synthesize complex molecules ordinarily found in nature.
Sr. No.:
81
Year:
1991
Name:
Richard R. Ernest
Country:
Switzerland
Work:
for refinements he developed in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Sr. No.:
82
Year:
1992
Name:
Rudolph A. Marcus
Country:
U.S
Work:
for his mathematical analysis of how the overall energy in a system of interacting molecules changes and induces an electron to jump from one molecule to another.
Sr. No.:
83
Year:
1993
Name:
Kary B. Mullis & Michael Smith
Country:
U.S & Canada
Work:
for their contributions to the science of genetics.
Sr. No.:
84
Year:
1994
Name:
George A. Olah
Country:
U.S
Work:
University of Southern California in Los Angeles for research that opened new ways to break apart and rebuild compounds of carbon and hydrogen.
Sr. No.:
85
Year:
1995
Name:
F. Sherwood Rowland & Mario Molina
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their pioneering work in explaining the chemical processes that deplete the earth's ozone shield.
Sr. No.:
86
Year:
1996
Name:
Richard E. Smalley & Robert F. Curl Jr. & Harold W. Kroto
Country:
U.S
U.K.
Work:
for discoveries about a molecule that allows the human body to store and transfer energy between cells.
Sr. No.:
87
Year:
1997
Name:
Paul D. Boyer, Jens C. Skou, John E. Walker
Country:
U.S, Denmark, U.K
Work:
for discoveries about a molecule that allows the human body to store and transfer energy between cells.
Sr. No.:
88
Year:
1998
Name:
Walter Kohn & John A. Pople
Country:
U.S & U.K
Work:
for their developments in the study of properties of molecules and the chemical processes in which they are involved.
Sr. No.:
89
Year:
1999
Name:
Ahmed H. Zewail
Country:
Egypt and USA
Work:
for creating the world's fastest camera, which captures atoms in motion.
Sr. No.:
90
Year:
2000
Name:
Alan Heager, Alan MacDiramid
Hideki Shirakawa
Country:
USA, Japan
Work:
for the discovery and development of conductive ploymers.
Sr. No.:
91
Year:
2001
Name:
William Knowles
K. Barry Sharpless
Ryoji Noyori
Country:
USA
Japan
Work:
for their work on chirally catalyzed hydrogenation reactions and work on chirally catalyzed oxidation reactions.
Sr. No.:
92
Year:
2002
Name:
John B. Fenn
Koichi Tanaka
Kurt Wucthrich
Country:
US
Japan
Switzerland
Work:
for advances in understanding the process of life.
Sr. No.:
93
Year:
2003
Name:
Peter Agre and Roderick Kinnon
Country:
-
Work:
-
Sr. No.:
94
Year:
2004
Name:
Aoran Ciechanover & Avram Hershko, Irwin Rose
Country:
Israel, U.S
Work:
for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.
Sr. No.:
95
Year:
2005
Name:
Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs & Richard R. Schrock
Country:
France, U.S
Work:
for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis.
Sr. No.:
96
Year:
2006
Name:
Dr. Roger Kornberg
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work on a key process of life called genetic transcription
Sr. No.:
97
Year:
2007
Name:
Gerhard Ertl
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work that has become invaluable to the modern chemical industry and helped the fight to fix the ozone hole.
Sr. No.:
98
Year:
2008
Name:
Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien
Country:
Japan
U.S
Work:
for the discovery of a glowing jellyfish protein that makes cell, tissues and even organs light up.
Sr. No.:
99
Year:
2009
Name:
Venkatraman Rama Krishnan,
Thomas,
Ada Yonath
Country:
US, Israel
Work:
-
Sr. No.:
100
Year:
2010
Name:
Akira Suzuki & Ei-ichi Negishi
Richard F. Heck
Country:
Japan, U.S
Work:
-
Sr. No.:
101
Year:
2011
Name:
Daniel Shechtman
Country:
Israel
Work:
-
Sr. No.:
102
Year:
2012
Name:
Robert Lefkowitz & Brian Kobilka
Country:
U.S
Work:
-
Sr. No.:
103
Year:
2013
Name:
Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt, Arieh Warshel
Country:
U.S
Work:
-
Sr. No.:
104
Year:
2014
Name:
Eric Betzig & William Moerner, Stefan W. Hell
Country:
U.S
Romania
Work:
-
Sr. No.:
105
Year:
2015
Name:
Tomas Lindahl
Paul KL. Modrich
Aziz Sancar
Country:
Sweden, America
Turkey
Work:
-
All Nobel Prizes in Chemistry
All Nobel Prizes in Chemistry

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Nobel Prize in Chemistry: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the field of chemistry. It is one of five Nobel Prizes that was founded in 1895 by the late Alfred Nobel, who died in 1896.

These awards are awarded for outstanding achievements in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and body science or medicine. As a result of the Nobel Prize, the prize is administered by the Nobel Foundation and provided by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

First Prize

The first Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded in 1901 to Jacobus, from the Netherlands. All recipients of certificates, diplomas, and financial awards change throughout the year.

At least 25 academics have won the Nobel Prize for their support in the field of organic chemistry, more than any other field of chemistry.

Winners

Two winners of the Nobel Prize, the German, Richard Kuhn, and Adolf Butenandt, the government did not receive that award. Then they will receive a prize and a diploma, but no money.

It has been eight years for which the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded. There were also nine years for which the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was delayed for one year. The Prize was not awarded in 1914 since the Nobel Chemistry Committee decided that none of the nominations of that year met the necessary criteria. But Theodore William Richards was awarded in 1915 and was counted as the 1914 prize.

Team and Department

The team and the department selected the category for the award always announcing a list of tips on behalf of October. The award is presented in a special ceremony held every year on December 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. “The importance of the Nobel Prize for Achievements in Stockholm is when each Nobel Prize comes down to receiving the prize of the King Majesty of Sweden.

The Nobel Prize in chemistry selected by a committee composed of five members elected by the Royal Academy of Sciences of Sweden. In its first stage, thousands of people are asked to nominate candidates.

These names are analyzed and discussed by experts until only the winners remain. This slow and complete process is possibly what gives importance to the prize.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry Special Invitation

Letters, which amounted to personal and special invitations, were sent to approximately three thousand people to invite them to submit applications. The names of the nominees have not been announced at any time and do not tell them that they have decided on the Prize.

The electoral register was full for fifty years. In practice, some alternatives are known. It is also available to the public to make such requests, whether they are designed or not.

Reviewed Applications

Applications are reviewed by the committee, and the listings will be approximately two hundred in advance. This letter is sent to selected experts in the field. They removed all but about fifteen names. The team presents a report with recommendations for the right place.

When a nomination is not allowed, gifts can only occur if the person dies within months after the election and the decision of the adjudication committee. The evidence in the chemical theory of having the importance of achieving what is known is “proven over time.”

In practice, it means that vision loss and reward are always on the order of 20 years and may take longer. As a result of this decline, not all scientists have lived long enough for their work to be recognized. Some of the key findings do not reflect the value of the reward, as recruiters will die the moment they interrupt their careers.
The winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry receives a gold medal, a master’s degree in accounting and a silver medal.

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