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BY Author

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Sr. No.YearNameCountryWork
Sr. No.:
1
Year:
1901
Name:
Emil A. Von Behring
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work on serum therapy against diphtheria.
:
:
Sr. No.:
2
Year:
1902
Name:
Sir Ronald Ross
Country:
U.K
Work:
for work on malaria
:
:
Sr. No.:
3
Year:
1903
Name:
Neils R. Finsen
Country:
Denmark
Work:
for work for treatment of lupus vulgaris with concentrated light rays.
:
:
Sr. No.:
4
Year:
1904
Name:
Ivan P. Pavlov
Country:
U.S.S.R
Work:
for work on the physiology of digestion.
:
:
Sr. No.:
5
Year:
1905
Name:
Rober Koch
Country:
Germany
Work:
for work on tuberculosis.
:
:
Sr. No.:
6
Year:
1906
Name:
Camillo Galgi & Santiago Ramony Cajal
Country:
Italy & Spain
Work:
for work on structure of the nervous system.
:
:
Sr. No.:
7
Year:
1907
Name:
Charles L. A. Laveran
Country:
France
Work:
for work with protozoa in the generation of disease.
:
:
Sr. No.:
8
Year:
1908
Name:
Paul Ehrlich & Elie Metchnikoff
Country:
Germany & U.S.S.R
Work:
for work on immunity.
:
:
Sr. No.:
9
Year:
1909
Name:
Theodor Kocher
Country:
Switzerland
Work:
for work on the thyroid gland
:
:
Sr. No.:
10
Year:
1910
Name:
Albrecht Kossel
Country:
Germany
Work:
for achievements in the chemistry of the cell.
:
:
Sr. No.:
11
Year:
1911
Name:
Allvar Gullstrand
Country:
Sweden
Work:
for work on the dioptrics of the eye.
:
:
Sr. No.:
12
Year:
1912
Name:
Alexis Carrel
Country:
France
Work:
for work on vascular ligature and grafting of blood vessels and organs.
:
:
Sr. No.:
13
Year:
1913
Name:
Charles Richet
Country:
France
Work:
for work on anaphylaxy.
:
:
Sr. No.:
14
Year:
1914
Name:
Robert Barany
Country:
Austria
Work:
for work on physiology and pathology of the vestibular system.
:
:
Sr. No.:
15
Year:
1919
Name:
Jules Bordet
Country:
Belgium
Work:
for discoveries in connection with immunity.
:
:
Sr. No.:
16
Year:
1920
Name:
August Krogh
Country:
Denmark
Work:
for discoveries of regulation of capillaries moto mechanism.
:
:
Sr. No.:
17
Year:
1922
Name:
Archibald V. Hill
Country:
U.K
Work:
for discovery relating to heat-production in muscles.
:
:
Sr. No.:
18
Year:
1923
Name:
Sir Frederick Banting & John J. R. Macleod
Country:
Canada & Scotland
Work:
for discovery of insulin.
:
:
Sr. No.:
19
Year:
1924
Name:
Willem Einthoven
Country:
Netherlands
Work:
for discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram.
:
:
Sr. No.:
20
Year:
1926
Name:
Johannes Fidiger
Country:
Denmark
Work:
for discovery of the Spiroptera Carcinoma.
:
:
Sr. No.:
21
Year:
1927
Name:
Julius Wagner-Jauregg
Country:
Austria
Work:
for use of malaria inoculation in treatment of dementia paralytica.
:
:
Sr. No.:
22
Year:
1928
Name:
Charles Nicolle
Country:
France
Work:
for work on typhus exanthematicus.
:
:
Sr. No.:
23
Year:
1929
Name:
Christian Eijkman & Sir Frederick Hopkins
Country:
Netherlands & U. K
Work:
for discovery of antineuritic vitamin and for discovery of growth-promoting vitamins.
:
:
Sr. No.:
24
Year:
1930
Name:
Karl Kandsteiner
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of human blood groups.
:
:
Sr. No.:
25
Year:
1931
Name:
Otto H. Warburg
Country:
Germany
Work:
for discovery of the character and mode action of the respiratory ferment.
:
:
Sr. No.:
26
Year:
1932
Name:
Sir Charles Sherrington & Edgar D. Adrian
Country:
U.K & U.S
Work:
for discoveries the function of neuron
:
:
Sr. No.:
27
Year:
1933
Name:
Thomas H. Morgan
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discoveries on hereditary function of chromosomes.
:
:
Sr. No.:
28
Year:
1934
Name:
George H. Whipple, George R. Minot and William P. Murphy
Country:
U.S
Work:
discovery of liver therapy against anemias.
:
:
Sr. No.:
29
Year:
1935
Name:
Hans Spermann
Country:
Germany
Work:
for discovery of the organizer effect in embryos development.
:
:
Sr. No.:
30
Year:
1936
Name:
Sir Henry Dale & Otto Loewi
Country:
U.K. & Germany
Work:
for discoveries on chemical transmission of nerve impulses.
:
:
Sr. No.:
31
Year:
1937
Name:
Albert Szent-Gyorgyi Von Nagyrapolt
Country:
Hungary
Work:
for discoveries on biological combustion.
:
:
Sr. No.:
32
Year:
1938
Name:
Corneille Hevmans
Country:
Belgium
Work:
for determining importance of sinus and acid mechanisms in the regulation of respiration.
:
:
Sr. No.:
33
Year:
1939
Name:
Gerhard Domagk
Country:
Germany
Work:
for antibacterial effect of pronoticilate.
:
:
Sr. No.:
34
Year:
1943
Name:
Hanrik Dam & Edward A. Doisy
Country:
Denmark & U.S
Work:
for analysis of vitamin K
:
:
Sr. No.:
35
Year:
1946
Name:
Sir Alexander Fleming, Emest Boris Chain & Sir Howard Florey
Country:
U.K
Work:
for discovery of penicillin.
:
:
Sr. No.:
36
Year:
1947
Name:
Carl F. and Gerty T. Corld
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work on animal starch metabolism
:
:
Sr. No.:
37
Year:
1948
Name:
Paul Muller
Country:
Switzerland
Work:
for discovery of insect Killing properties of DDT.
:
:
Sr. No.:
38
Year:
1949
Name:
Walter Rudolf Hess & Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
Country:
Switzerland & Portugal
Work:
for research on brain control of body and for development of brain operation.
:
:
Sr. No.:
39
Year:
1950
Name:
Philip S Hench & Edward C. Kendall,
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discoveries about hormones and adrenal cortex.
:
:
Sr. No.:
40
Year:
1951
Name:
Max Theller
Country:
South Africa
Work:
for development of anti-yellow-fever vaccine.
:
:
Sr. No.:
41
Year:
1952
Name:
Selman A. Waksman
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of streptomycin.
:
:
Sr. No.:
42
Year:
1954
Name:
John F. Enders, Thomas H Weller, Fredarick C. Robbins
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work with cultivation of polio virus.
:
:
Sr. No.:
43
Year:
1955
Name:
Hugo Thorell
Country:
Sweden
Work:
for work on oxidation enzymes.
:
:
Sr. No.:
44
Year:
1957
Name:
Daniel Bovet
Country:
Italy
Work:
for development of drugs to relieve allergies and relax muscles during surgery.
:
:
Sr. No.:
45
Year:
1958
Name:
Joshua Lederberg, George W. Beadie and Edward L. Tatum
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work with genetic mechanism and for discovering how genes transmit hereditary characteristics.
:
:
Sr. No.:
46
Year:
1959
Name:
Severo Ochoa and Arthur Kornberg
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discoveries related to compounds within chromosomes that play a vital role in heredity.
:
:
Sr. No.:
47
Year:
1960
Name:
Sir Macfarlan Burnet
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance.
:
:
Sr. No.:
48
Year:
1961
Name:
George Von Bekesy
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discoveries about physical mechanisms of stimulation within cochlea
:
:
Sr. No.:
49
Year:
1962
Name:
James D. Watson
Country:
U.S
Work:
for determining structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
:
:
Sr. No.:
50
Year:
1963
Name:
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Fielding Huxley
Country:
U.K
Work:
for research on nerve cell.
:
:
Sr. No.:
51
Year:
1964
Name:
Konard E. Bloch
Country:
U.S
Work:
for research on mechanism and regulation of cholesterol and fatty-acid metabolism.
:
:
Sr. No.:
52
Year:
1965
Name:
Francois Jacob, Andre Lwolff and Jacques Monod
Country:
France
Work:
for study of regulatory activities in body cells.
:
:
Sr. No.:
53
Year:
1966
Name:
Charles Brenton Huggins and Farncis Peyton Rous
Country:
U.S
Work:
for studies in hormone treatment of cancer of prostate and for discovery of tumor-producing viruses.
:
:
Sr. No.:
54
Year:
1967
Name:
Haldan K. Harline, George Wald and Ranar Granit
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work on human eye.
:
:
Sr. No.:
55
Year:
1968
Name:
Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana and Marshall W. Nirenberg
Country:
U.S
Work:
for studies of genetic code.
:
:
Sr. No.:
56
Year:
1969
Name:
Max Delbruck, Alfred D. Hershey and Salvador E. Luria
Country:
U.S
Work:
for study of mechanism of virus infection in living cells.
:
:
Sr. No.:
57
Year:
1970
Name:
Julius Axelord
Country:
U.S
Work:
for studies of how nerve impulses are transmitted within the body.
:
:
Sr. No.:
58
Year:
1971
Name:
Earl W. Sutherland Jr.
Country:
U.S
Work:
for research on how hormones work.
:
:
Sr. No.:
59
Year:
1972
Name:
Gerland M. Edelman
Country:
U.S
Work:
for research on the chemical structure and nature of antibodies.
:
:
Sr. No.:
60
Year:
1973
Name:
Karl Von Frisch and Konrad Lorenz
Country:
Austria
Work:
for their studies of individual and social behaviour patterns.
:
:
Sr. No.:
61
Year:
1974
Name:
George E. Palade and Christian De Duve
Country:
U.S
Work:
for contributions to understanding inner working of living cells.
:
:
Sr. No.:
62
Year:
1975
Name:
David Baltimore, Howard M. Temin and Renato Dulbecco
Country:
U.S
Work:
for work in interaction between tumor viruses and genetic material of the cell.
:
:
Sr. No.:
63
Year:
1976
Name:
Bauch S. Blumberg and D. Charleton Gajdusek
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discoveries concerning new mechanism for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases.
:
:
Sr. No.:
64
Year:
1977
Name:
Rosalyn S. Yalow, Roger C,L. Guillemin and Andrew V. Scahally
Country:
U.S
Work:
for research in role of hormones in chemistry of the body.
:
:
Sr. No.:
65
Year:
1978
Name:
Daniel Nathans and Hamilton Smith
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics.
:
:
Sr. No.:
66
Year:
1979
Name:
Allan McLoed Cormack
Country:
U.S
Work:
for developing computed axial tomography (CAT scan) X-Ray techniques.
:
:
Sr. No.:
67
Year:
1980
Name:
Baruj Benacerraf and George D. Sriell
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discoveries that explain how the structure of cells relates to organ transplants and disease.
:
:
Sr. No.:
68
Year:
1981
Name:
Roger W. Sperry and David H. Huble
Country:
U.S
Work:
for studies vital to understanding the organiztion and functioning of the brain.
:
:
Sr. No.:
69
Year:
1982
Name:
Sune Bergstrom and Bengt Samuelsson
Country:
Sweden
Work:
for research in prostaglandins, hormone like substances involved in a wide range of illnesses.
:
:
Sr. No.:
70
Year:
1983
Name:
Barbara BcClintock
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of mobile genes in the chromosomes of a plant that change the future generations of plants they produce.
:
:
Sr. No.:
71
Year:
1984
Name:
Cesar Milstein, Georges J. F. Kohler, Niels K. Jerne
Country:
U.K/Argentina
West Germany
U.K/Denmark
Work:
for their work in immunology.
:
:
Sr. No.:
72
Year:
1985
Name:
Micheal S. Brown and Joseph L. Goldstein
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their work, which has drastically widened our understanding of the cholesterol metabolism and increased our possibilities to prevent and treat atherosclerosis and heart attacks.
:
:
Sr. No.:
73
Year:
1986
Name:
Rita Levi-Montalcini
Country:
dual U.S/Italy
Work:
for their contributions to the understanding of substances that influence cell growth.
:
:
Sr. No.:
74
Year:
1987
Name:
Susumu Tonegawa
Country:
Japan
Work:
for his discoveries of how the body can suddenly marshal its immunological defenses against millions of different disease agents that it has never before.
:
:
Sr. No.:
75
Year:
1988
Name:
Gertude B, Ellon, George H. Hitchings
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment.
:
:
Sr. No.:
76
Year:
1989
Name:
J. Micheal Bishop and Harold E. Varmus
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their unifying theory of cancer development.
:
:
Sr. No.:
77
Year:
1990
Name:
Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnal Thomas
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their pioneering work in transplants.
:
:
Sr. No.:
78
Year:
1991
Name:
Erwin Neher and Bert Sakmann
Country:
Germany
Work:
for their research particularly for the development of a technique called patch clamp.
:
:
Sr. No.:
79
Year:
1992
Name:
Edmond H. Fischer and Edwin G. Krebs
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their discovery of a regulatory mechanism affecting almost all cells.
:
:
Sr. No.:
80
Year:
1993
Name:
Philip A. Sharp
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their independent discovery in 1977 of "split genes"
:
:
Sr. No.:
81
Year:
1994
Name:
Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of G-proteins that help cells respond to outside signals.
:
:
Sr. No.:
82
Year:
1995
Name:
Edward B. Lewis and Eric F. Wieschaus
Country:
U.S
Work:
for studies of the fruit fly that will help explain congenital malformations in humans.
:
:
Sr. No.:
83
Year:
1996
Name:
Peter C. Doherty & Rolf M. Zinkemagel
Country:
Australia & Switzerland
Work:
for discoveries about how to immune system recognises virus-infected cells.
:
:
Sr. No.:
84
Year:
1997
Name:
Stanley B. Prusiner
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery of new type of germ, called prisons, that causes degenerative brain disorders.
:
:
Sr. No.:
85
Year:
1998
Name:
Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro and Ferried Murad
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery that nitric oxide acts as a signal in the cardiovascular system.
:
:
Sr. No.:
86
Year:
1999
Name:
Gunter Blobel
Country:
U.S
Work:
for discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell.
:
:
Sr. No.:
87
Year:
2000
Name:
Arvid Carisson, Paul Greengard and Eric R. Kandel
Country:
Sweden & U.S
Work:
for discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system.
:
:
Sr. No.:
88
Year:
2001
Name:
Leland H. Hartwell, R. Timothy Hunt & Paul M. Nurse
Country:
U.K & U.S
Work:
for discoveries concerning control of the cell cycle, which may make cancer treatment possible.
:
:
Sr. No.:
89
Year:
2002
Name:
Sydney Brenner & Sir John Sulston
Country:
U.K
Work:
for research that laid bare the mechanism by which genes regulate the programmed death of cells, a process vital to understanding cancer and other reccumulative disorders.
:
:
Sr. No.:
90
Year:
2003
Name:
Sir Peter Mansfield & Paul C. Lauterbur
Country:
U.K & U.S
Work:
-
:
:
Sr. No.:
91
Year:
2004
Name:
Richard Axel & Linda Buck
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system.
:
:
Sr. No.:
92
Year:
2005
Name:
Barry J. Marshall & J. Robin Warren
Country:
Australia
Work:
for their discovery that the bacterium Helicobacter Pylori causes gastritis and peptic ulcer disease
:
:
Sr. No.:
93
Year:
2006
Name:
Andrew Z. Fire & Craig C. Mello
Country:
U.S
Work:
for their pioneering work in molecular biology and genetic information.
:
:
Sr. No.:
94
Year:
2007
Name:
Mario Capecchi & Oliver Smithies
Country:
U.S
Work:
won Noble Prize in creating "Knockout mice", 21st Century test bed for biochemical research.
:
:
Sr. No.:
95
Year:
2008
Name:
Prof. Luc Montagnier & Fracoise
Country:
France
Work:
discovered the AIDs virus.
:
:
Sr. No.:
96
Year:
2009
Name:
Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider and Jack Szostak
Country:
U.S
Work:
-
:
:
Sr. No.:
97
Year:
2010
Name:
Robert Edwards
Country:
U.K
Work:
-
:
:
Sr. No.:
98
Year:
2011
Name:
Bruce Beutler
Jules Hoffmann
Ralph Steinman
Country:
U.S
France
Canada
Work:
-
:
:
Sr. No.:
99
Year:
2012
Name:
Shinya Yamanak, John B. Gurdon
Country:
Japan, Britian
Work:
-
:
:
Sr. No.:
100
Year:
2013
Name:
James E. Rothman & Randy W. Schekman
Thomas C. Suedhof
Country:
U.S
Germany
Work:
-
:
:
Sr. No.:
101
Year:
2014
Name:
John O' Keefe, May-Ritt Moser & Edward Moser
Country:
U.S
Norway
Work:
-
:
:
Sr. No.:
102
Year:
2015
Name:
William C. Campbell, Satoshi Omura
Tu Youyou
Country:
Ireland-Amercia, Japan, China
Work:
-
:
:
List of Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine - thegkworld
List of Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine – thegkworld

Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is presented annually by the Nobel Foundation for its outstanding research in the field of life sciences and medicine. One of the five prizes awarded in 1895 by the Swedish doctor Alfred Nobel, is a tribute to the success of scientific research in experimental physiology.

The Nobel Prize is presented annually on the anniversary of Nobel’s death on December 10. By 2019. 110 Nobel laureates in physiology or medicine have been awarded to 207 men and 12 women. ‘

First Awarded

The first was awarded in 1901 to the German physiotherapist Emil von Behring. For his work in the treatment of blood disorders and the development of antibodies against diphtheria. The first woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Gerty Cori, received her in 1947. For her role in the treatment of glucose metabolism, important in a wide range of medications, including medicine.

Swedish Institute

The Swedish Institute annually awards the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to scientists and professionals in various fields of physiology or medicine. It is one of five Nobel prizes created by the 1895 fiction of Alfred Nobel (who died in 1896).

Awarded for excellence in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and body. Medicine As written by the Nobel Foundation, the award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and is provided by a committee consisting of five members and an executive committee appointed by the Institute.

While most people refer to the Nobel Prize in Medicine, Nobel specifically states that the award is given to “physiology or medicine” in their will. Nobel Prize in Physiology, Because of this, the reward can be awarded in a wide range of configurations.

Emil Adolf von Behring

The first prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded in 1901 to Emil Adolf von Behring, from Germany. All recipients receive certificates, diplomas, and finances that vary throughout the year. In 1901, von Behring received 150,782 Swedish kronor, equivalent to 7,731,004 Swedish kronor in December 2008. Nobel Prize in Physiology or MedicineThe prize was presented in Stockholm at the annual celebration on December 10, the anniversary of the Nobel Prize.

Chef Laureates

Chef Laureates has won the Nobel Prize in many areas related to physiology or medicine. Until 2009, 8 variables were rewarded for support in the field of signal transduction by the G protein and the second messengers.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 13 were rewarded for support in neurobiology, and 13 were rewarded. Nobel Prize in Physiology, for support in affecting metabolism. In 1939, Gerhard Domagk, a German citizen, was not authorized by his government to accept this gift.

Then he received the prize and the title but did not receive the money.

As of 2018, the prize was awarded to 216 people, twelve of them women:

Gerty Cori (1947),

Rosalyn Yalow (1977),

Barbara McClintock (1983),

Rita Levi-Montalcini (1986),

Gertrude B. Elion (1988 ),

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (1995),

Linda B. Buck (2004),

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi (2008),

Elizabeth H. Blackburn (2009),

Carol W. Greider (2009),

May-Britt Moser (2014)

and You Youyou (2015).

Nobel Prize in Physiology, Name with Year

Some of the awards were controversial. This included a trip to António Egas Moniz in 1949 for pretreatment, Nobel Prize in Physiology, apparently despite opposition from the hospital. Another discusses the controversy over who was included in the prize.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: Presented to the Court

In 1952, the prize for Selman Waksman was presented to the court, and half of the patent granted to his opponent Albert Schatz was not recognized by the prize. Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, The 1962 award was presented to James D. Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins for their work in DNA structure and non-recognition functions supported by others.

Including Oswald Avery and Rosalind. Since the Nobel Prize system restricts body choice, longevity is private property, considering gifts given up to 50 years after discovery. In addition, limit the prize to more than three recipients.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, During the last half-century, there has been a growing tendency for scientists to work as a team, which has generated controversy.

Comment ( 1 )

  1. […] Nobel Prize in Physiology and medicine in a medal card of the physical-chemical opposite of the image shows the year of birth and death of […]

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